How hard is it to get pregnant?

Written by:, PhD, Founder and Inventor of the Proov test — the first and only FDA-cleared test to confirm successful ovulation at home.

Written by: Dr. Amy Beckley, PhD, Founder and Inventor of the Proov test the first and only FDA-cleared test to confirm successful ovulation at home.

Written on 10/4/21

Updated on 12/10/21

how hard is it to get pregnant

Keep reading to learn exactly how hard it is to get pregnant and what you can do now to set yourself up for success later.

If your sex education experience was anything like ours, there may have been a period in your life when you believed you could get pregnant at any moment. And, like us, you may have been surprised to find that’s not true once you actually started trying to conceive!

While some couples have no trouble conceiving, for many others TTC can be a long, emotional road. We know firsthand how difficult the journey can be, which is why our goal is to empower you with valuable information sooner so you can make more informed decisions to reach your fertility goals faster.

Keep reading to learn exactly how hard it is to get pregnant and what you can do now to set yourself up for success later.

So, how hard is it to get pregnant?

As we mentioned, how difficult it is to conceive varies drastically from couple to couple. In general, about one in six couples will experience infertility.

Studies show that most couples have a 75% chance of conceiving within the first 6 months of trying. From there, you have a 90% chance of conceiving within the first year of trying and a 95% chance of conceiving within two years.

While these odds look pretty good, getting pregnant can be a little more complicated than “sperm meets egg.” Understanding the intricacies of trying to conceive and any barriers to conception can help set you up for success sooner.

Factors that may affect your ability to conceive

Getting pregnant may seem simple in theory — again, thanks health class! — but a wide array of factors can actually impact your ability to conceive. Learning more about some key factors now can help you ensure you’re set up for success later on.

1. Timing intercourse

Contrary to popular belief, you can only get pregnant during a select few days of your cycle — your fertile window. This window of time includes about 4 days leading up to and the day of ovulation.

While an egg can only survive for 12-24 hours after ovulation, sperm can live in the female reproductive tract for up to 5 days. According to recent studies, having intercourse before ovulation, during your fertile window, can improve your chances at successful pregnancy.

In fact, according to a different study, incorrect timing of intercourse may be a key reason as to why some couples have a harder time getting pregnant. In this study, only 55% of women estimated their ovulation day was within their fertile window.

Correctly identifying your fertile window significantly increases your chances of getting pregnant. You can track peak fertility — the two most fertile days of your fertile window — with Proov Predict LH tests.

how hard is it to get pregnant

You can track peak fertility with Proov Predict LH tests.

2. Successful ovulation

After you predict your fertile window, ovulation, and time intercourse around them, you can then confirm you’re ovulating successfully. Ovulatory disorders, meaning you do not ovulate or are not ovulating successfully, are the primary cause of female infertility.

"Successful" ovulation refers to an ovulatory event in which ovulation occurs and progesterone levels remain adequately elevated throughout the entire implantation window to allow for the best possible chance at conception.

You see, progesterone’s job during the second half of your cycle (the luteal phase) is to prepare the uterine lining for implantation by making it “sticky” enough to allow a fertilized embryo to implant. Without enough progesterone it can be more difficult for successful implantation and pregnancy to occur.

You can check for successful ovulation with Proov Confirm PdG tests and our patented PdG testing protocol. If your test results show you may not be ovulating successfully, the good news is that the fix is often simple!

3. Sperm quality

Don’t think we forgot about him! Studies show that one-third of all infertility issues are caused by male reproductive issues, one-third female, and one-third a combination of both. Checking his swimmers early on can help you get set up for success from the start.

There are two important pieces to sperm quality: count and motility. Count refers to how much sperm are present in a milliliter of semen and motility refers to how well the sperm can get to where they need to go (i.e. the egg!).

In terms of goals to strive for, the Mayo Clinic says your partner is most likely to be fertile if he has at least 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen and at least 40% of his sperm is moving.

You can test your partner’s sperm using an at-home sperm test, but be sure to double check that it tests for count and motility, as many tests only measure one or the other. We like the Yo Sperm test, which you can get as a part of our Hers & His Fertility Starter kit.

how hard is it to get pregnant

There are two important pieces to sperm quality: count and motility.

4. Age

Lastly, a major factor to consider in your ability to conceive is your age. Now, we know many people believe that it’s impossible to conceive once you’re over 35 — this isn’t necessarily true.

While your chances at pregnancy decrease from 25% to 10% per cycle once you turn 40, this doesn’t mean pregnancy is impossible. We’ve seen many women over 35 conceive and carry a healthy baby to term!

As we age, your ovarian reserve (the amount of eggs left in your ovaries) and your egg quality (the health of your egg) both decline over time. This means you have less eggs left to recruit for ovulation and more of these eggs are genetically abnormal, meaning they cannot successfully implant and sustain a pregnancy.

According to the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ovarian reserve and egg quality begins to decline at age 32 and more rapidly at age 37. This makes it all the more important to explore at home testing options (like the ones we previously mentioned!) to identify any potential issues sooner, rather than later.

While it may seem hard to get pregnant, there are plenty of ways you can get information to move forward in your fertility journey. And never hesitate to reach out for support! We’re always available via email at